Bone Health

in New York, New York

Bones play an important function in your body’s health— they support your weight, protect organs, and store vital calcium. For women, bones can present extra challenges as they age. Although men experience bone loss over time, women experience it much more rapidly and for different reasons. That’s why it’s important to make sure your bones stay healthy over a lifetime.

What is Bone Health?

Bone health means making sure that you prevent bone loss as you age. Over time, your body becomes less effective at replacing and maintaining bone tissue, meaning your bones can become small and brittle. Although this happens most rapidly after menopause, it can begin as early as your 30s. Although bone loss is a natural occurrence, there are some things that are known to cause it to happen faster.

Low Calcium Diet

If your diet doesn’t include enough calcium, your body can struggle to build new bone tissue. Your body naturally stores calcium in your bones and teeth, meaning a low calcium diet can cause the bones and teeth to deteriorate. Vitamin D also plays an important role in helping your body absorb and make use of calcium, so it’s important to supplement both of these if your diet doesn’t provide enough.

Sedentary Lifestyle

There are a lot of detriments that come with a sedentary lifestyle, but poor bone health is one of them. With the right exercise, your body can maintain strong, dense bones. Without it, your body may not be able to withstand pressure that comes with normal movements as you age. 

Birth Control and Hormones

One reason that women experience bone loss more prevalently than men is the role of hormones. Estrogen plays an important part in your bone health, so many women experience increased bone loss after menopause when estrogen begins to drop off. Additionally, birth control methods that suppress estrogen can cause bone loss when used for long periods of time. 

Why is Bone Health Important?

When you’re young, your body produces more bone tissue than it uses. Your highest bone mass usually occurs between 18 and 25 when it begins to slowly decline because your body makes less bone tissue. Once you begin menopause, this process accelerates, and some women can lose up to 20% of their bone density within several years of beginning menopause. This means it’s important to maintain your bone density as time goes on because your body will not be able to effectively replace it.

Bone loss and osteoporosis can greatly increase your risk of injury from breaking a bone as time goes on. In fact, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, your risk of breaking a hip is equal to your combined risk of breast, uterine, and ovarian cancer. Additionally, bone loss can cause your dental health to decline, causing cavities to form and requiring expensive treatment.

What Steps Can I Take?

The most effective ways to maintain your bone health is through a healthy diet and effective exercise regimen. It’s recommended that women aged 50 and older should consume 1,000mg of calcium every day along with 400-800 IUs of Vitamin D. Depending on your gynecologist’s recommendation, this can come from supplements or a varied diet. You can find higher levels of calcium in foods like dairy (milk, yogurt, cheese) and green vegetables. Foods that have higher levels of Vitamin D are fatty, wild-caught fish. It’s also sometimes added to foods like milk and orange juice. If you’re lactose intolerant, you should speak with your gynecologist about the best way to supplement your diet. 

Getting sufficient exercise is another important step in maintaining your bone health. You should complete a regimen of posture exercises, hip and back strengthening exercises, and weight bearing exercises according to your fitness level to help maintain your bone density. 

Finally, be sure to discuss your birth control options with your gynecologist to determine whether non-hormonal methods will be a safe option. If you’re currently on a non-hormonal form, your gynecologist can recommend the right timeframe for switching to a different method and maintaining your bone health in the meantime.

Learn More on the Healthful Woman Podcast

Schedule an Appointment

Although many women struggle with maintaining their bone health, it’s not a lost cause. You can start early on optimizing your diet and exercise to ensure you have healthy bones for many more years. To meet with our gynecologists and discuss your options, contact our New York City offices by calling or filling out our online form.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can you rebuild bone density naturally?

Some ways to rebuild bone density include eating a healthy, proper diet and performing weight-bearing exercise. If these are not effective for you, your physician may also prescribe medications to restore bone density.

Can you reverse bone loss?

If you suffer from bone loss or osteoporosis, which is especially common after menopause, it is not possible to reverse the condition. However, you may be able to prevent fractures or other complications by taking medications for osteoporosis, supplementing calcium or vitamin D, avoiding smoking, and performing weight-bearing exercise.

Can a DEXA scan show cancer?

DEXA scans are not usually used to diagnose cancer. However, they can indicate whether warning signs are present that would merit further diagnostic testing for cancer.

Can osteoporosis kill you?

Osteoporosis can compromise the quality of life if it leads to a bone fracture. Complications of a fracture can be life-threatening.

How do I know if my bone density is low?

Some common symptoms of bone loss include loss of height, back pain, a stooped posture, or bone fractures.

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